Coffee varieties are divided to two main varieties: Arabica and Robusta. These are Catimor. Catimor is a mix between Caturra and Timor, that was created in Portugal in These have made Variedad Colombia a popular coffee variety. Viveros de café y cacao “Molocho” · August 24, ·. Variedad “Catimor” listo para la siembra. Image may contain: plant, outdoor and nature · 14 Likes1. But in the coffee world, they’re less understood. You might Spanish Version: Geisha vs Bourbon: Un Curso Intensivo de Variedades de Café.

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Bourbon is the other of the two main varieties of Arabica, along with Typica. However, Catimor is a great match for the environment in Indonesia and it produces pleasantly herbal flavors.

El Mejor Café del Mundo

Nowadays the Geisha from Panama is considered one of the best coffees in the world and has an extremely high price. New, more productive coffee varieties with better taste are being developed constantly all over the world.

It is originally from the Ethiopian village of Gesha. The resulting Tabi variety, after five generations and a lot of work, is also strong and composite.

Arabica Coffee Varieties | IHCAFE 90

Due to Timor being a variety of Robusta, Catimors acidity is low and the flavor is a bit bitter. Timor is very rarely the lone variety in coffees. These are further divided into multiple varieties and different coffees taste completely different based on the growth conditions of the coffee.

F1 hybrids in Central America are part of an effort by breeders to increase the genetic diversity of varieties in the region since the traditional American varieties are severely genetically constricted. Normally the varieties with the best flavor have a smaller yield. Caturra is a natural mutation of the Bourbon variety. Who is the catalog for, and how do you use it?

Most of the high quality coffees from Kenya include both of these varieties. Variedad Colombia sometimes just Colombia is a hybrid of Caturra, created in Colombia. Because of its high yield, it is one of the most famous coffee varieties grown in Brazil. You must be logged in to post a comment. Catuai is a hybrid of Caturra and Mundo Novo. It is a bit lower than Bourbon and has more branches, which makes Caturra a bit more productive. The release of composed varieties varieties with a seed mix consisting of several parents with different sources of resistance was made aiming for durable resistance, considering that coffee is a semi permanent crop and that in the Colombian coffee regions cultivation is often continuous.


Vigorous and highly productive tall variety with very good cup quality. Coffee varieties are divided to two main varieties: Typically, F1 hybrid parents are chosen to be genetically distant from one another; this distance maximizes hybrid vigor, which translates into high yields and overall vigor for example, tolerance to frostwithout losses in cup quality or disease resistance.

First released inthe variety known as Colombia was also very productive, and throghout the decades it also underwent several improvements. It is worth reminding that the Coffea arabica species has 44 chromosomes, whereas the diploid Coffea canephora specie only has 22; in the former the genetic variability is reduced, and so is its ability to combat pests and diseases.

Quality-wise it is a very close match to Bourbon. The flavor includes notes like classic caramel and chocolate. Obtained from a cross between Caturra and Timor Hybrid varieties, the project was headed by and using line selection method in the segregating and subsequent generations for the progenies F3, F4, F5Castillo is the result of many years of hard work in search of perdurable resistance to rust and higher productivity, with a proved and preemptive resistance to the new threat of CBD.

High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease. Nowadays Heirloom has multiple recognizable variants and depending on the village, Heirloom is always slightly different.

In the descriptions of the coffee we have listed the processing and other available information on top of the variety of the coffee. Catuai A compact plant with high yielding potential of standard quality in Central America.


Heirloom sub-varieties include Kurume and Welicho and its flavor is pleasantly acidity and juicy. The variety should only be reproduced through clonal propagation and purchased from trusted nurseries.

An important note about F1 hybrids: The variety is based on a natural mutation of Bourbon. Examples of Catimor varieties include: Leave a reply Click here to cancel the reply You must be logged in to post a comment.

Its genetic composition is very similar to that of Caturra, allowing for the particular notes and cup profile that connoisseurs have come to expect from different Colombian coffee regions. The variety arrived into Brazil late 19 th century and quickly spread around South and Middle America. Heirloom is an Ethiopian wild variety, that is an inheritor of the original coffee bushes growing in the Ethiopian forests.

Coffee Varieties

When the arrival of coffee rust Hemileia vastatrix threatened coffee growing in the Americas the need to develop new varieties resistant to this disease became a priority in many countries. Control measures based on the use of fungicides are expensive, not always effective and sometimes harmful to the environment, thus affecting profitability.

Women and Family, Central Thread Centroamericano Very high yielding with very good quality potential. Catimor High yielding dwarf variety resistant to coffee leaf rust and coffee berry disease. Seeds taken from hybrid plants will not have the same characteristics as the parent plants. The selection process for Caturra was called mass selectionmeaning that a group of individuals are selected based on their superior performance, seed from these plants is bulked to form a new generation, and then the process is repeated.

Because of the Robusta, the coffee is great at surviving with leaf rust. It has spread around catlmor world and it has adapted to local climates, creating many different variations like Kona Hawaii and Blue Mountain Jamaica.