Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

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Sixthly, social virtue was also an important step in the solution of nation degradation.

History of Philosophy in Islam: IV. The Neo-Platonic Aristotelians of the East: 3. Ibn Maskawaih

For neglect of training will cause every human being to remain in the condition he was in during childhood. Its prescriptions, with regard to the worship of God in common and the pilgrimage to Mecca for instance, have plainly in view the cultivation of the love of one’s neighbour in the widest acceptation. The next stage of development was mineral life.

Quoting Plato 19 he says that philosophy is an exercise of voluntary death. If the person did not live in this human milieu, these virtues would not be apparent, and the human being would become just like people frozen or dead. But Yaqut mentions that in later years he subjected himself to a fifteen-point code of moral conduct.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There remains only one possibility – the possibility that the first form goes into nothing.

This may be born out by the fact that Miskawayh’s talking about training young boys was only one part of his ethical thinking, and was not one of his precisely intended aims. This implies that Miskawaih is undoubtedly acquainted with al-Razi’s treatise, although he does not mention him by maskswaih. The importance of transactions with people, as Miskawayh says, refers to the fact that transactions lead to the appearance of virtues which only do so in company and in dealings and interaction with others, such as integrity, courage, and generosity.

Skip to main content. He applies this doctrine of the mean to the four cardinal virtues, and with this he ends the first chapter. Maybe it can be said ibny that although al-Ghazali was influenced by this, yet his expression of the final aim of training young boys remained closer to the spirit of the Islamic religion than Miskawayh; that is because for al-Ghazali the actual content of education, or its material, was taken from the Qur’an and the Prophet’s sunna [65].


Of all the Muslim philosophers and thinkers whose intellectual works have come down to us, he is the only one to have said this. This is almost explained and repeated in his words in the Tahdhib [59].

He considers that religion retains man in his state of childhood and boyhood, where the faculty of the intellect is weak, while philosophy and supreme happiness remain for the human being’s youth and manhood, where his intellect is mature and he knows how to use it towards the highest virtues and most perfect aims [18]. Beginning with these views, Miskawayh presents the methods that are followed in training and refining the boy’s soul.

Affection, thus, is the sovereign; justice is the vicegerent. The Muslim thinkers state that mas,awaih then evolved into a lower kind of a barbarian man. Miskawaih is essentially a historian and moralist. They will also be favoured in this world, with a pleasant life, and a fine reputation.

An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines. From this latter he took over most of what he wrote in connection with the education of young boys, although this man was not well known, as will be detailed later [6]. The aims of training young boys, according to Miskawayh 5. He affords an instance also of the fact that the most sagacious minds of his time were not disposed to follow Farabi into the region of Logico-Metaphysical speculation. That however we pass over; and in any case we ought not only to praise in general terms his attempt to give a system of Ethics which should be free from the casuistry of the Moralists and the asceticism of the Sufis, but also to recognize in the execution of his design the good sense of a man of wide culture.

Miskawayh was born in Rey, then under Ziyarid control. Plato says that the essence of the soul is motion, and motion is the life of the soul.

The 4th century H 10th century CE is regarded as one of the most brilliant periods of Islamic civilization; during this time the Muslims reached the peak of their intellectual maturity and progress in ideas. Ina group of ghazi marched towards the Library of Rey but Miskawayh managed to save it. Some like Margoliouth and Bergstrasser accept the first alternative; others, like Brockelmann, 1 the second.

Chapter 24: Miskawaih

Ibn Miskawayh was one of the first to clearly describe a version of the idea of evolution. Communication ethics is an ethical standard for communicators and communicants in communication.

International Bureau of Educationvol. Miskawayh considers that if these manners are commendable for the poor, it is even better to have the rich seek them. This is not the statement of Darwin. But happiness or well-being is a relative good – good for an individual person. On the question of the immortality of the soul, Miskawaih gives at first 17 Aristotle’s doctrine.


Maybe this work helped him to be in such evident contact with the culture masiawaih his age, ibnk varied in its sources and its types, to be able to learn for himself, and to ibnj such a thorough study of the branches of science and human knowledge. These as a whole prescribe the features distinguishing what may be called the refined man or the virtuous man, those features that society in general accepts and which can be defined as follows.

This must be by success from God and by the man’s own personal striving; maskawaib are required, one completing the other [15]. In addition, Miskawayh is very clearly distinguished from others who worked in science and philosophy, within Islamic civilization, by the fact that he indicated clearly and distinctly the sources on which he drew; something which proves his scientific reliability, and also emphasizes his patent admiration for the branches of learning which he studied, well known and widespread throughout the Islamic community.

Perhaps the influence of Plato and Maekawaih on Miskawayh is shown most mmaskawaih in his book Tahdhib al-akhlaq wa-tathir al-acraq Refinement of character and purification of dispositions.

His argument here is that of the First Mover, which was most popular at the time. Other conditions are external to the human body, and help him to rise above shortcomings, and to love good for others, to include friends, maskawauh, and wealth. Of the above works al-Qifti 6 mentions only 1, 2, 3 and 4 and adds the following:.

Besides, in Ibn Maskawaih’s opinion, the Religious Law when rightly apprehended, pre-eminently accords with an Ethics of Benevolence. It belongs to man’s divine part.

Miskawaih engaged himself too much in the study of alchemy, together with Abu al-Tayyib al-Razi, the alchemist. Man is man by the first.

It is only a kind of good and has no distinctive and autonomous essence. Ya’qub Miskawayh is a brilliant intellectual and philosopher of 10th-century Buwayhid Baghdad. Maskawaaih mineral life evolves vegetation. Then it is not hard for them to avoid evils, and later it is easy for them to follow all the prescriptions of wisdom and the regulations of the Law shari’a and Tradition sunna.